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Wildlife Habitat

Wildlife species require different variations of the four basic habitat components: Food, Water, Cover, and Space. Providing sufficient amounts of these required habitat components will attract the wildlife species you desire to your property. It is important to note that not all wildlife species can be managed in all areas. For example, if your property and surrounding areas are comprised primarily of grassland and agricultural fields, it is not realistic to want to manage your land for turkeys. You would be wiser to manage for pheasants or other grassland birds. BluAcres can help you determine what species are likely to frequent the habitat your property can provide and determine the specific habitat need of the species you want to manage for.


The presence of food will greatly enhance the attractiveness of your property. Food can best be provided through plantings of mast producing trees and shrubs, grasses, flowers and food plots. There are also many ways to enhance the food that your land already produces with active management tools such as timber harvesting, mowing, and burning.

For more information about food development in wildlife habitats, click here.


Water is another component essential to a species survival. The restoration of a wetland, creation of a pond, or maintenance of a stream is a great ways of providing this component. An area with water will attract a wide variety of wildlife species.

For more information about water development in wildlife habitats click here.


Cover is also very important to wildlife and includes nesting, brood rearing, and shelter from the elements. Many species have specific cover requirements for each of these uses, which are often seasonal. For example, establishing a stand of switchgrass, will provide winter shelter for pheasants. It is important to establish year round cover for a species in order to provide adequate habitat.


Space is another requirement that must be met. Some species require a small amount of living space. However, other wildlife may need large tracts of land to survive. You must be aware of the amount of space a species needs, and how your management activities will effect them. You must also be concerned with the edge sensitivity of certain species. For example, in managing for turkeys you decide to create openings in your forest to regenerate oaks. However, this decision would impact woodland birds that require a large amount of undisturbed forest.

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